the Latino Population, by
State, County, and City
August 2013: The Latino population in the United States, while
still anchored in its traditional settlement areas, continues to
disperse across the U.S., according to a Pew Research Center
analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data.
Today, the 100 largest counties by Latino population contain 71%
of all Latinos. Los Angeles County alone contains 4.8 million
Latinos, or 9% of the nation's Latino population. But the share
of all Latinos who live in these counties has fallen from 75% in
2000 and 78% in 1990, reflecting Latino population growth
outside of these 100 counties.
About half of these counties are in three states - California,
Texas and Florida. Along with New York,
Illinois, Arizona, New Jersey, and Colorado, these
eight states contain three-quarters of the nation's Latino
population. But with the dispersal of the U.S. Latino population
across the country, this share too is down from 79% in 2000 and
83% in 1990.
The Latino population’s diversity is reflected in its geography.
Across the largest U.S. metropolitan areas by Latino population,
the mix of Latino origin groups varies. In the Los Angeles-Long
Beach metropolitan area, and in most metro areas in the border
states, Mexican-origin Latinos are the dominant group. The
composition differs along the east coast.
In the New York-Northeastern New Jersey metropolitan area,
Puerto Ricans and Dominicans are the dominant Latino-origin
groups, Cubans are the dominant Latino group in Miami-Hialeah
and Salvadorans are the dominant group in the Washington, DC
metro area. Nationally, Mexicans are the largest Latino-origin
group, making up 64.6% of all Latinos.
These findings are part of the Pew Research Center's Latino
population updates for every
plus the 60 largest Latino
areas, as well as updated demographic and economic
profiles of the Latino population for the
and those 60
The data used in these updates is from the 2011 American
Community Survey, the 2000 Census and U.S. Census Bureau county
Accompanying these updates are an interactive map showing key
Latino population characteristics in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia; an interactive map, interactive table and
interactive graphics showing Latino population characteristics
in the 60 largest metro areas by Latino population; and
interactive maps showing the size, share and growth in the
population in each of the nation’s counties between 1980 and
2011. All of these features can be found at the new
Among the key findings by state:
More than half (55%) of the U.S. Latino population resides
in three states: California, Texas, and Florida. California
has the nation's largest Latino population, with about 14.4
million Latinos. California's Latino population alone
accounts for more than one-fourth (28%) of U.S. Latinos.
has the highest Latino population share (46.7% of the
state's population) among the 50 states and District of
Columbia. Maine, West Virginia, and Vermont were
among those with the lowest shares.
Over the last decade, some of the fastest growing Latino
populations are in the southeastern United States.
Among the key findings by county:
The 10 largest counties by Latino population account for
almost one-third (30%) of the country's Latino population.
The 25 largest contain 46% of the nation's Latino
Among all 3,143 counties in the U.S., 87 are majority
Latino. Of those, 56 are in Texas.
Among counties with a Latino population of at least 1,000 in
2011, Georgia's Stewart County experienced the most growth
in the Latino population since 2000, growing 1,754% over 11
Among the key findings by metropolitan area:
More than four-in-ten (44%) Latinos live in the 10 largest
metropolitan areas by Latino population.
The Los Angeles-Long Beach metropolitan area has the
nation's largest Latino population (5.8 million) and alone
accounts for about one-in-ten (11%) Latinos nationally. The
New York-Northeastern New Jersey metropolitan area is the
second largest by Latino population (4.3 million) and is
home to 8% of Latinos nationwide.
In Miami, 66% of the Latino population is foreign born, a
share higher than any of the top 60 metro areas and the only
metro area in the top 10 in which more than half of Latinos
are foreign born. By contrast, only 17% of Latinos in the
San Antonio area are foreign born. For U.S. Latinos overall,
the foreign-born share is 36%.
Center is a nonpartisan source of data and analysis.
It does not take advocacy positions. Its
founded in 2001, seeks to improve understanding of the U.S.
Latino population and to chronicle Latinos' growing impact on