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acquired work is Marisol’s signature sculpture
is in full swing in the contemporary galleries of the Toledo
Museum of Art, but the guests and the wait staff are strangely
still and silent, and they never go home.
Welcome to the world of Marisol!—a
once notorious Pop artist, whose sculptures include groupings
of life size figures engaged in stylized, but immediately
recognizable, social rituals.
The Toledo Museum of Art’s recent acquisition The Party
is Marisol’s signature work of art and her largest assemblage,
consisting of mirrored wall panels and 15 freestanding figures
real accessories and clothing. Though individualized with
elaborate headdresses, nails, or protruding features, each
plaster or photographic—is Marisol’s own visage.
Born Marisol Escobar to Venezuelan parents—Gustavo
Escobar and Josefina Hernández,
in 1930, France—Marisol studied in Europe, Los Angeles, and
New York before dropping her surname and catapulting to the
forefront of the New York art scene in the 1960s.
The press dubbed her the “Latin Garbo” for her striking looks
and enigmatic demeanor. Andy Warhol cast her in his films, and
The New York Times named her one of the “97 In-Most.”
In 1968, she was invited to represent Venezuela at the
prestigious Venice Biennale, where she exhibited The Party.
In 1967, her work graced the cover of Time magazine, a
rare honor for any artist, and nearly unprecedented for a
Her respect for Leonardo DaVinci led her to complete a
sculptural representation of “The Last Supper” and “The Virgin
with St. Anne.”
Marisol (Escobar) (French, b. 1930) The Party (detail).
Assemblage of 15 freestanding figures and wall panels with
painted wood, cloth, plastic, shoes, jewelry, mirror,
television set, and other accessories, 1965-66. Toledo Museum
of Art, Museum Purchase Fund, by exchange 2005.42 (Photo: Toni
M. González) © Marisol (Escobar).
Despite the popularity of both the artist and her work, Marisol’s
prominence in the art world began to fade in the 1970s.
The four decades that have passed since Marisol created The
Party have afforded a fresh examination for both the work and
the artist. “While Marisol is aligned with the Pop Art movement,
her work stands apart from the simple categorization that
implies: not only is she the only woman, but she is also the only
person of color consistently associated with the movement,” said
Dr. Amy Gilman, TMA associate curator of modern and contemporary
“The Party immeasurably strengthens the POP ART area of
TMA’s permanent collection,” Dr. Gilman added. “The time is ripe
for the reassessment of Marisol’s place in art history, and we
believe TMA can be a leader in this movement.”
For more information on Marisol, see:
About the Toledo Museum
The mission of the Toledo Museum of Art is based upon the belief
in the power of art to ignite the imagination, stimulate thought,
and provide enjoyment. Through its collection and programs, ‘it
strives to integrate art into the lives of people.’
Museum of Art is a nonprofit arts institution funded through
individual donations, foundation grants, corporate sponsorships,
and investments. The Ohio Arts Council helps fund programs at the
Marilyn Monroe photo now on exhibit
the museum is free and is open Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and
Saturday, 10:00 a.m.–4:00
p.m.; Friday, 10
p.m.; Sunday, 11
p.m.; but closed
Mondays and major holidays. Friday evening hours are made possible
by Fifth Third Bank. The Museum is located at 2445 Monroe Street
at Scottwood Avenue, just west of the downtown business district
and one block off I-75 with exit designations posted. For general
information, visitors can call 419-255-8000 or 800-644-6862, or
Natori Shunsen (Japanese,
1886–1960), Ichikawa Sh˙ch˙ and Kataoka Gad˙ IV as Umegawa and
Ch˙bei. Color woodblock print, 1927. Toledo Museum of Art,
Gift of H.D. Bennett, 1939.234
Other exhibits include:
Through Dec. 31, 2005: Strong Women, Beautiful Men—Japanese
Portrait Prints from the TMA.
Dec. 31, 2005: I Wanna Be Loved By You—photographs
of Marilyn Monroe from the Leon and Michaela Constantiner
organized by the
Gallery, TMA. Explore the concepts of identity and celebrity
from two very different perspectives, by experiencing this
groundbreaking dual exhibition comprised of photographs of
Marilyn Monroe in
I Wanna Be
Loved By You alongside 18th-, 19th-, and
20th-century Japanese woodblock prints in
Beautiful Men. Discover the vast differences and
startling similarities in how these portraits depict the
identities of not only the subjects and the artists, but also
their respective public personas.
Through Dec. 31, 2005: About Face. To complement
the two major exhibitions,
Strong Women, Beautiful Men
and I Wanna
Be Loved By You, TMA exhibits portraits of famous
figures from its collection, including Sarah Bernhardt, Ernest
Hemingway, Gloria Swanson, Pablo Picasso, and Art Tatum. With
this focused installation, discover how artists communicate
the concept of “celebrity” to the viewer and to history. Lose
yourself in this sea of faces and ask yourself, what facets of
these projected identities are real and which are
fabrications? Hitchcock Gallery, TMA.
Through Feb. 26,
2006: Portraits Without Faces. The works of art featured in
this new exhibition may not be portraits in the traditional sense,
but they allude to human presence through their titles, imagery,
or subject matter. Discover how works of art can reflect human
identity through more than a face. For example, a carefully
arranged still life composed of everyday objects can reflect the
identity of an individual not seen in the work. See if you can
guess who’s missing in these “portraits.” Gallery 18, Upper Level,
Through Jan. 22,
2006: Student Exhibit. Students from the TMA School of Art
and Design exhibit their creations from the previous term.
Community Gallery, Lower Level West Wing, TMA. Canaday Gallery,
Coming to the TMA
February 5-April 30, 2006:
Louis Comfort Tiffany: Artist for the Ages.
Discover how Louis Comfort Tiffany’s prolific
creations bridged and transcended the Aesthetic Movement, the Arts
and Crafts Movement, and Art Nouveau in the late 19th century.
George Zimbel, Marilyn Monroe,
The Seven Year Itch, NYC. Gelatin silver print, 1954. © George S.
Zimbel 1954/2004, Courtesy of Stephen Bulger Gallery.
the first comprehensive examination of Tiffany’s work in the U.S.
since the late 1980s. Louis
Comfort Tiffany: Artist for the Ages demonstrates how
this renowned artist utilized diverse media-from stained glass to
furniture and from photography to jewelry-yet remained true to his
signature style to create works of art that are uniquely
U.S.-American. Louis Comfort
Tiffany: Artist for the Ages is organized and
circulated by Exhibitions International, NY.
March 3-May 28, 2006:
Rembrandt: What Was He Thinking?
To mark the 400th anniversary of the birth of Rembrandt, the
Museum will present an exhibition of highlights from its extensive
collection of the artist's prints. This exhibition will explore
Rembrandt’s thought process, and will consist of graphic works
that are vignettes of one man's view from four centuries ago. As a
part of the exhibition you will see historical scenes, landscapes,
self-portraits and portraits, genre scenes, and nude studies.
Toledo Area Artists
up with the
TMA, to receive a prospectus and entry form;